what is retaining wall in building construction

Details. The purpose of this divisional circular letter is to bring to attention to all building control bodies and other interested parties the safe design, construction and maintenance of freestanding boundary and retaining walls. Published 13 May 2013

retaining structures are engineered to retain soil and/or rock. They are commonly used to accommodate changes in grade, provide increases in right-of-way and buttress the toe of slopes. in a broad sense, retaining structures can be classified according to their face inclination: if it is greater than 70 degrees, they are typically characterized as retaining walls, while slopes have face inclination flatter than 70 degrees. There are several types of retaining structures, including gravity,

retaining walls may include a parapet that extends above the height of the retained material, often for safety reasons. The main uses of retaining walls are to help prevent soil erosion, create usable beds out of steep terrain and to provide decorative or functional landscaping features. They may be independent structures, or may be part of a wider construction works, such as a building. Planning permission is required if the wall is to be over 1-metre high and next to a

retaining wall, also called revetment or breast wall, freestanding wall that either resists some weight on one side or prevents the erosion of an embankment. It may also be “battered”—that is, inclined toward the load it is bearing. retaining wallA stone retaining wall. Eurico Zimbres. There are a number of methods employed to resist the lateral force against such a wall. The most basic type of reinforced retaining wall is the gravity wall, which is of massive concrete that is prevented from

Charlie talks us through the Stepoc block system he is using to build a retaining wall for the rear of his self build home. what is a retaining wall? A retaining wall is built to withstand the lateral pressure of soil. This is usually required where a building sits in a slope or is partially subterranean. Basement levels often require this type of structure to resist both the weight of soil and hydrostatic force of the surrounding earth. You might also see a retaining wall in a terraced

retaining walls can be constructed of many different materials and with a variety of building techniques. This discussion will focus on rigid, monolithic, poured concrete walls as the structural material, but steel, timber, and reinforced soil are often used too. This retaining wall discussion will focus on walls that are constructed from the bottom up and where a stable backslope exists (at least temporarily) prior to wall construction. With poured concrete retaining walls, backfill is placed

retaining walls play a critical role in the protection of structures from damage related to soil collapse, but many property owners are unaware of just how integral these walls are to the overall health of their property. Properly constructed and well-maintained retaining walls not only mitigate soil erosion and wash-out after excavation, but also keep soil from collapsing. Soil collapse can put your building at risk for damage and any bystanders in physical danger, so it's

Reinforced retaining walls are walls that use some type of reinforcement to give more strength to the retaining wall structure, thus improving its ability to retain the soils behind it. For SRW's (Segmental retaining walls), we refer to this reinforcement as geogrid or grid. Geogrid is placed between courses of blocks in the wall and rolled back into the slope or hillside during installation to create a stronger and more stable soil mass. in layman's terms, the blocks, the geogrid and the

Precast concrete is a construction product produced by casting concrete in a reusable mold or "form" which is then cured in a controlled environment, transported to the construction site and lifted into place ("tilt up"). in contrast, standard concrete is poured into site-specific forms and cured on site. Precast stone is distinguished from precast concrete using a fine aggregate in the mixture, so the final product approaches the appearance of naturally occurring rock or stone. Precast

Step 1: Site Prep and Excavation. If you are building with AB Fieldstone that uses recycled materials, go to AB Fieldstone installation. Remove surface vegetation and organic soils; Per the approved plan, excavate base trench a minimum of 24 in. (610 mm) wide and 12 in. (300 mm) deep.*; Remove unsuitable soils and replace with compactible materials. Buried block should be a minimum of 6 in. (150 mm). Check plans to see how much buried block is required. Compact and level

Find and save ideas about retaining wall construction on Pinterest. See more ideas about building a retaining wall, retaining wall fence and retaining wall gardens.

These days, large modern houses may be constructed close to subdivisional boulder retaining walls, due to the limited availability of sizeable blocks of land and backyard swimming pools being a common addition. This has led to an increase in the number, size and complexity of retaining walls being built. what can you do to maintain retaining walls?

Most retaining walls require building permits. If the wall is retaining more than four feet of soil measured from the bottom of the footing to the top of the wall or has a surcharge on the wall then it must be reviewed by a Washington State licensed engineer. Application Two sets of plans are required for submittal including a site plan with location of walls and detailed section view showing construction of wall. Submittal must comply with land use requirements (critical areas, shorelines,

When is a building consent needed? Under Schedule 1 of the building Act 2004, the construction of a retaining wall does not require a building consent when it is less than 1.5 m high and 'does not support any surcharge or any load additional to the load of that ground. (for example, the load of the vehicles on a road)'. retaining walls that are over 1.5 m high and those supporting a surcharge require a building consent (see Figure 1). Regardless of whether a building consent.

retaining walls. Property owners must keep the retaining walls on their property in safe condition and people whose properties are separated by a retaining wall share responsibility for maintaining it (NYC Administrative Code §28-301.1). If you're unsure about your retaining wall's safety or strength, get its condition evaluated and make the necessary repairs. retaining walls are permanent, protective structures that separate lower land from higher land. They are barriers that hold

what is a retaining wall? A retaining wall is a structural feature, designed to hold up ground which would otherwise drift down (for example, to hold up a hill if you cut into the side of it). retaining walls will generally be a part of the original building plans of your house. These walls can be major works: such as when used to support a basement design built into a hill or smaller walls for landscaping. Heavy-load retaining walls will be built prior to construction as part of the excavation

retaining wall. A wall that resists lateral or other forces caused by soil, rock, water or other materials, thereby limiting lateral displacement and the movement of the supported materials. Basement walls and vault walls that are parts of buildings and underground structures, including but not limited to utility vault structures, tunnels and transit stations, are not considered retaining walls. inspection of Old retaining walls. 4

A wall is a structure that defines an area, carries a load, or provides shelter or security. There are many kinds of walls: Defensive walls in fortifications; walls in buildings that form a fundamental part of the superstructure or separate interior sections, sometimes for fire safety & retaining walls, which hold back dirt, stone, water, or noise sound; walls that protect from oceans (seawalls) or rivers (levees); Permanent, solid fences & Border barriers between countries; Brick wall; Precast wall

City of Nanaimo (the City) and the British Columbia building Code (BCBC) requirements. The focus of the. Guideline is the geotechnical aspects of retaining wall design; however, some regulatory and structural issues are discussed. This Guideline is not intended to be prescriptive nor is it intended to serve as a substitute for engineering judgement and experience. The City recognizes that engineers and contractors may pursue innovative retaining wall design and construction.

Making Stair construction Simple. The steps shown here are general guidelines for building stairways. By understanding the basic installation elements, stairways can be easily incorporated into the retaining wall installation. Always check local code requirements before building any type of stair application.

The blocks for this project have a locking flange — which makes the installation easy. The interlocking blocks can be used to build walls up to 28 inches high. Follow the block manufacturer's instructions concerning wall height limits. Plan your layout. Avoid having downspouts pointed at the retaining wall and, if it's against the house, keep soil and mulch well below the siding. Your retaining wall design will determine how you mark the area. To mark a freeform layout, use a rope or hose

When you contemplate how to build a retaining wall a retain wall design, you may imagine how firm and solid it'll appear from the front, or how great the new garden will look above it. Since soil weighs a beefy 100-plus lbs. per cu. ft., you need some pretty heavy material—large retaining wall blocks, boulders, timbers or poured concrete—to counteract the pressure. Just as . Some communities now require building permits and construction details for walls exceeding 4 ft. in height.